Science and Technology, Secondary Cycle 2, has 4 units broken down as follows:
the living world, the material world, earth and space and the technological world.
Scroll down to read through deatiled break downs of each unit.

INTRODUCTION TO THE YEAR - there are several skills and concepts that will be taught at the beginning of the year so that they will be used throughout the year.
  1. SCIENTIFIC METHOD
  2. TECHNICAL DRAWING
  3. THE DESIGN PROCESS



Unit 1 - THE MATERIAL WORLD

  • Properties of matter
    • characteristic physical properties
      • melting point
      • boiling point
      • density
      • solubility
    • characteristic chemical properties
      • reaction to indicators
    • properties of solutions
      • concentration
      • solute
      • solvent
  • Changes in matter
    • physical changes
      • dissolution
      • dilution
      • phase changes
    • chemical changes
      • decomposition and synthesis
      • oxidation and precipitation
    • forms of energy (chemical, thermal, mechanical, radiation)
    • particle model
  • Organization of matter
    • pure substance (compound, element)
    • mixtures (homogeneous, heterogenous)
  • Fluids
    • Compressible and incompressible fluids
    • Pressure
    • relationship between pressure and volume
  • Waves
    • Frequency
    • Wavelength
    • Amplitude
    • Decibel scale
    • Electromagnetic spectrum
    • Deviation of light waves
    • Focal point of lens

Unit 2 THE LIVING WORLD (our goal is to finish this unit in December)
  • Cell division Cell division concept map.doc
    • DNA
    • Mitosis
    • Functions of cell Division (reproduction growth, regeneration)
    • Meiosis and sexual development (meiosis, fertilization)
    • Genetic diversity
  • Tissues organs and Systems
  • Nutrition and Digestive System
    • Types of Foods (water, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals)
    • Energy value of different foods
    • Digestive tract (mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus)
      • Transformation of food (mechanical and chemical)
      • Digestive glands (salivary, gastric and intestinal glands, pancreas and liver)
  • Circulatory and Respiratory systems
    • Respiratory system (nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs)
    • Functions of blood constituents (plasma, formed elements)
    • Compatibility of blood types
    • Circulatory system (types of blood vessels)
    • Lymphatic system (lymph, antibodies)
  • Excretory system
    • Urinary system (kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra)
    • components of urine (water, minerals, salts, urea)
  • Nervous and Musculoskeletal systems
    • central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
    • peripheral nervous system
      • Neuron (synapse, dendrites, axon)
      • Neural control (voluntary, involuuntary, reflex arc)
  • Sensory receptors (eye, ear, skin, tongue nose)
  • Musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, muscles)
    • Function of bones muscles and joints and muscles
    • Types of muscle
    • Types of joint movement
  • Reproductive system
    • Puberty (male and female)
    • Hormone regulation in men
      • spermatogenesis, erection, ejaculation etc.
    • Hormone regulation in women
      • ovogenesis, ovarian cycle, menstrual cycle


Unit 3: THE TECHNOLOGICAL WORLD
Graphical Language

    • Geometric lines
    • Forms of representation (sketch, perpective drawing, oblique projection)
    • Basic Lines
    • Scales
    • Orthogonal projections (multiview, isometric)
    • Sections
    • Dimensioning
    • Standards and representations (diagrams and symbols)

Mechanical engineering
    • Linking of mechanical parts
    • Typical functions
    • Function components and use of motion transmission systems
      • friction gears, pulleys and belt, gear assembly, sprocket wheels and chain, wheel and worm gear
    • Function components and use of motion transformation systems
      • screw gear system, connecting rods, cranks, slides, rotating slider crank mechanism, rack and pinion drive, cams
Materials
    • Constraints (tension, compresion, torsion)
    • Mechanical properties
    • Types and properties
    • Ferrous alloys
    • Nonferrous metals and alloys
    • Wood and modified wood

Biotechnology
    • Processes
      • Pasturization
      • Manufacture of vaccines
      • Assisted reproduction
      • Cell cultures
      • Genetic transformation (GMOs)

Unit 4 - EARTH AND SPACE - (FOR GENERAL SCIENCE STUDENTS ONLY)

Space

  • Scale of the Universe
    • Astronomical Unit
    • Light Year
    • Location of the Earth in the Universe
  • Conditions conducive to the developmentof Life
The Earth
  • Geological time scale
  • Major stages in the history of life on Earth
  • Extinctions
  • Fossils
  • Stratigraphic Layers